2017 年 37 巻 2 号 p. 97-108
Reflecting the recent trend of information and communication technology (ICT) use in organisations centred on “monitor and control”, the participatory surveillance environment has emerged. With the growth of such a socio-technological environment, whereby individuals come under 24/7 monitoring by both human and electronic eyes and real-time control made possible by advanced ICT-based information systems, individuals are treated as dividuals, that is, as a dividable existence in which a set of their personal data is used to represent a specific aspect of them. The nature of dividualisation is associated with dis/re-embodiment of the individual, and leads the alienation and objectification of human beings. Due to the dividualisation, holistic approaches to understanding individuals may be undermined, and this may seriously affect individuals’ ways of thinking, ideas of what an individual is, and paradigms of good societies. In this study, the social risks caused by the dividualisation of human beings in the participatory surveillance environment are discussed.