2022 年 18 巻 1 号 p. 37-46
As skiing is a slippery and unstable movement on a snowy slope, and is a movement due to gravity rather than one's own force, it is important to eliminate various sensory deviations that the learner has and lead to skill acquisition in the instruction of skiing. The purpose of this research is to clarify the learning process to obtain sensory awareness and understanding of the deviations that ski beginners face, and to obtain clues for ski instruction. Firstly, in this study, the sensory deviations of the learner in the ski learning scene were organized into the following three points and set as an analysis framework. （1）The difference between learner's desired movements and the actual ski movement, （2）The difference between the desired movement and the actual body movement, and （3）The difference between what you know and what you can actually do. Then, the actual ski lessons were used as the survey field, and the introspection report that the eight subjects described after each practice, the retrospective report submitted after the program, the observation record during the snow training by the instructor, and the observation records of the retrospective meeting held after dinner, were used to elucidate the factors that improve and hinder the improvement of the learners. As a result, although there are individual differences among learners, learning processes derived from deviations such as approach to one's own senses, increase and complexity of conscious senses, improvement of operability, and occurrence and recognition of new deviations became clear. Furthermore, based on such a learning process, it was suggested that in ski instruction, it is important to have a leadership relationship that visualizes such deviations and promotes recognition.