Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hematopathology
Online ISSN : 1880-9952
Print ISSN : 1346-4280
ISSN-L : 1346-4280
Review Article
Candidate biomarkers for idiopathic multicentric Castleman disease
Remi SumiyoshiTomohiro Koga Atsushi Kawakami
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JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS

2022 Volume 62 Issue 2 Pages 85-90

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Abstract

The clinical manifestations of idiopathic multicentric Castleman disease (iMCD) are thought to be caused by an excess of inflammatory cytokines; however, the mechanism is yet to be known. In addition to IL-6, inflammatory cytokines, such as IL-1β and TNF-α, are noted to be elevated in iMCD, which are common in autoinflammatory diseases. The first-line treatment for iMCD is an IL-6 inhibitor. Furthermore, increases in inflammatory cytokines such as serum IL-10 and IL-23, chemokines such as CXCL13 and CXCL-10 (especially in iMCD-TAFRO), and VEGF-A have been observed, and their relationship to pathogenesis has attracted the attention of researchers. The PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway, JAK/STAT3 pathway, and type I IFN as drivers have recently been identified as important signals and are expected to be therapeutic targets in cases where IL-6 inhibitors are ineffective.

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© 2022 by The Japanese Society for Lymphoreticular Tissue Research

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/deed.ja
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