Microbes and Environments
Online ISSN : 1347-4405
Print ISSN : 1342-6311
ISSN-L : 1342-6311
Regular Paper
Multiple Gene Clusters and Their Role in the Degradation of Chlorophenoxyacetic Acids in Bradyrhizobium sp. RD5-C2 Isolated from Non-Contaminated Soil
Shohei HayashiSho TanakaSoichiro TakaoShinnosuke KobayashiKousuke SuyamaKazuhito Itoh
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Supplementary material

2021 Volume 36 Issue 3

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Abstract

Bradyrhizobium sp. RD5-C2, isolated from soil that is not contaminated with 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D), degrades the herbicides 2,4-D and 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4,5-T). It possesses tfdAα and cadA (designated as cadA1), which encode 2,4-D dioxygenase and the oxygenase large subunit, respectively. In the present study, the genome of Bradyrhizobium sp. RD5-C2 was sequenced and a second cadA gene (designated as cadA2) was identified. The two cadA genes belonged to distinct clusters comprising the cadR1A1B1K1C1 and cadR2A2B2C2K2S genes. The proteins encoded by the cad1 cluster exhibited high amino acid sequence similarities to those of other 2,4-D degraders, while Cad2 proteins were more similar to those of non-2,4-D degraders. Both cad clusters were capable of degrading 2,4-D and 2,4,5-T when expressed in non-2,4-D-degrading Bradyrhizobium elkanii USDA94. To examine the contribution of each degradation gene cluster to the degradation activity of Bradyrhizobium sp. RD5-C2, cadA1, cadA2, and tfdAα deletion mutants were constructed. The cadA1 deletion resulted in a more significant decrease in the ability to degrade chlorophenoxy compounds than the cadA2 and tfdAα deletions, indicating that degradation activity was primarily governed by the cad1 cluster. The results of a quantitative reverse transcription-PCR analysis suggested that exposure to 2,4-D and 2,4,5-T markedly up-regulated cadA1 expression. Collectively, these results indicate that the cad1 cluster plays an important role in the degradation of Bradyrhizobium sp. RD5-C2 due to its high expression.

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© 2021 by Japanese Society of Microbial Ecology / Japanese Society of Soil Microbiology / Taiwan Society of Microbial Ecology / Japanese Society of Plant Microbe Interactions / Japanese Society for Extremophiles.
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