Microbes and Environments
Online ISSN : 1347-4405
Print ISSN : 1342-6311
ISSN-L : 1342-6311
Regular Paper
Detection and Characterization of RNA Viruses in Red Macroalgae (Bangiaceae) and Their Food Product (Nori Sheets)
Yukino MizutaniYuto ChibaSyun-ichi UrayamaYuji TomaruDaisuke HagiwaraKei Kimura
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Supplementary material

2022 Volume 37 Issue 5 Article ID: ME21084


Persistent RNA viruses, which have been suggested to form symbiotic relationships with their hosts, have been reported to occur in eukaryotes, such as plants, fungi, and algae. Based on empirical findings, these viruses may also be present in commercially cultivated macroalgae. Accordingly, the present study aimed to screen red macroalgae (family Bangiaceae conchocelis and Neopyropia yezoensis thallus) and processed nori sheets (N. yezoensis) for persistent RNA viruses using fragmented and primer-ligated dsRNA sequencing (FLDS) and targeted reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR). A Totiviridae-related virus was detected in the conchocelis of Neoporphyra haitanensis, which is widely cultivated in China, while two Mitoviridae-related viruses were found in several conchocelis samples and all N. yezoensis-derived samples (thallus and nori sheets). Mitoviridae-related viruses in N. yezoensis are widespread among cultivated species and not expected to inhibit host growth. Mitoviridae-related viruses were also detected in several phylogenetically distant species in the family Bangiaceae, which suggests that these viruses persisted and coexist in the family Bangiaceae over a long period of time. The present study is the first to report persistent RNA viruses in nori sheets and their raw materials.

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© 2022 by Japanese Society of Microbial Ecology / Japanese Society of Soil Microbiology / Taiwan Society of Microbial Ecology / Japanese Society of Plant Microbe Interactions / Japanese Society for Extremophiles.
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