2006 Volume 49 Issue 1 Pages 100-106
The purpose of the present study is to elucidate the “ideal strength” of the Ni and Ni3Al single crystals, the main compositions of Ni-based superalloy, from the viewpoint of the lattice stability. The unit lattices of Ni and Ni3Al, fcc and L12 ordered alloy, are subjected to the  uniaxial tension/compression and hydrostatic tension/compression by using the Vienna Ab-initio Simulation Package (VASP) with the generalized gradient approximation (GGA) and ultrasoft pseudopotential. The elastic stiffness matrix is numerically evaluated at each point in the applied deformation pass, then the lattice stability is discussed based on the positiveness of the matrix. Both Ni and Ni3Al reach the Born’s stability criteria against the bifurcation to the anisotropic Poisson’s contraction in the  uniaxial tension, while they do the spinodal criteria against the structural transformation in the  uniaxial compression and hydrostatic tension. The hydrostatic compression increases the stability and shows no limit, however, it is also suggested that the spinodal instability appears when the ideal isotropy was broken. The “ideal strength” is evaluated with these stability limits and indicated as “yield curve” on the normal strain-lateral strain or normal stress-lateral stress planes.