2015 年 64 巻 8 号 p. 613-619
In order to investigate the interior-induced fatigue crack propagation behavior of spring steel (SUP7), fatigue tests in axial loading were performed for 4 kinds of specimen with different hardness (tempered at 450℃ or 386℃) or residual stress (finished by grinding, electrochemical polishing or shot peening). Harder specimen has indicated longer fatigue life resulting from its mechanical properties of matrix. Ground specimen and shot-peened specimen also provided longer fatigue life than electrochemical-polished specimen, and the fatigue life of shot-peened specimen was almost same as one of ground specimen. After fatigue tests, fracture surfaces were observed using a scanning electron microscope (SEM). In some cases, non-metallic inclusion was not observed at interior fracture origin, but granular microstructure was observed. Profile analysis and crack-path analysis with FRASTA (Fracture surface topography analysis) method were performed to investigate the fatigue fracture mechanism induced by the granular microstructure. As results of these analyses, it was clarified that a facet of the granular microstructure was inclined from 33 to 42 degrees to the fracture surface. It was another finding that small countless cracks emanated discretely inside the granular microstructure during fatigue process.