材料
Online ISSN : 1880-7488
Print ISSN : 0514-5163
ISSN-L : 0514-5163
フォルステライト前駆体の粉砕における粉砕溶媒の影響
皆木 卓士塩野 剛司西田 俊彦
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2000 年 49 巻 3 号 p. 291-295

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Forsterite (Mg2SiO4) precursor was synthesized from a heterogeneous alkoxide solution containing MgO powder with mean particle size of 100nm. In order to improve the chemical characteristics of the precursor, a wet condition was adopted for milling. Effects of milling parameters and solvent on chemical characteristics of the precursor were studied. The mixture of ethanol and deionized water was used as a solvent. The water content was varied from 0vol% to 100vol%. The characteristics of the obtained precursors were evaluated by X-ray diffraction (XRD) method, differential thermal analysis (DTA), scanning electron microscope (SEM) and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. Milling in water was effective to lower the crystallization temperature of the precursor to forsterite. However, the milled precursor strongly aggregated. Calcined powder was locally sintered and a dense polycrystal could not be obtained. On the other hand, milling in a solvent containing ethanol modified the surface of the precursor with ethoxy group and, due to absorption of ethanol, this resulted in an effective relaxation of the aggregates and in easy handling of the powder. The solvent with 75vol% water was the most effective among others for preparing monolithic forsterite powder which exhibits a good sinterability

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