2004 年 53 巻 3Appendix 号 p. 12-20
An anisotropic damage constitutive model was presented to characterize mechanical behavior of continuous fiber-reinforced ceramic matrix composites (CFCC) with two-scale damage. An overall fourth-rank damage effect tensor was introduced to account for the overall damage of the composite system. In addition, two local (matrix and fiber) fourth-rank damage effect tensors were introduced to account for the local effects of damage experienced by both the matrix and fibers. The overall and local damage tensors were correlated together using homogenization procedure. In terms of the homogenization methods, the effective elastic properties were obtained, and the stress and strain concentration factors were derived for damaged composites. The model was applied in detail to the unidirectional laminate that was subjected to uni-axial tension. The results were compared well with experimental data. The effects of important parameters such as the fiber volume fraction and the damage material parameters on the nonlinear behavior of the composites were investigated. The model provided a useful tool for understanding the overall dependence of stress-strain behavior on all the underlying constituent material properties.