2004 Volume 53 Issue 3 Pages 347-355
To clarify the effect of sports wear on exercise-heat stress, we analyzed quantitative differences in thermoregulatory responses among baseball uniforms (BB), soccer uniforms (SC), and swimming trunks (NU) during exercise in a hot environment. Eight male subjects performed three sessions of 20-min cycling at light intensity (250W/m2) wearing BB, SC and NU in a room maintained at 28°C (wet-bulb globe temperatures, WBGT) . Esophageal (Tes), mean skin (Tsk), and mean body temperatures (Tb), heart rate (HR), thermal sensation (TS), and total sweat loss (mSW) were measured during the exercise. Increases in Tes, Tsk, Tb, HR, and TS during exercise were significantly (p<0, 05) higher, and mSW, was significantly (p<0.001) greater for BB than SC and NU. The increase in Tes at the end of the exercise was 3.0 times higher for BB than NU ; and also 2.0 times higher for SU than NU. Under all conditions, the increase in Tes significantly correlated with Tsk (r=0.634, p<0, 001) and HR (r=0.854, p<0.001) ; mSW also significantly correlated with Tb (r=0.683, p<0.001) at the end of the exercise. These findings suggest that quantitative differences regarding the increase in Tes among BB, SC and NU relate to Tsk elevation due to attenuation of heat dissipation depending on sports wear ; body temperature elevation also relates to the increase in HR and mSW during light exercise in a hot environment.