2006 Volume 11 Issue 3 Pages 224-233
A balance sheet-a questionnaire that determines both quantitatively and qualitatively the ambivalent feelings that women experience in the process of deciding on whether to undergo an induced abortion-was designed to elucidate such emotional conflict during the process. Data were collected from 63 women who expressed a desire for an induced abortion. A balance sheet (with 24 pro-terminate and 24 pro-continue items) had been prepared by evaluating the content validity and the hypothesis of the constructive concept. A factor analysis of 16 pro-terminate and pro-continue items yielded 8 factors, each strongly related to ambivalence about the pro-terminate or pro-continue decision. These factors confirmed part of the constructive concept shown by the hypothesis. Cronbach's α coefficient was sufficiently high. The current survey indicated that the mental process that these women undergo is characterized by the co-existence of two seemingly conflicting attitudes, a pro-terminate move toward pregnancy termination and a pro-continue tendency to continue the pregnancy. The result also indicated that it may be possible to use a "balance sheet" as a tool to confirm the reliability and validity of the findings.