2015 Volume 20 Issue 2 Pages 181-192
Purpose: We validate the effects of a model for alleviating menstruation-associated symptoms so as to improve the QOL of female university students. Methods: We developed the model that focused on the coping behavior to menstruation-associated symptoms and positive attitude toward menstruation, self-efficacy, stress coping behavior on the basis of healthy lifestyle as support about the improvement of the reduction of the menstruation associated symptoms in the female college student and the quality of life before. Using this model, we prepared a health education program based on social cognition theory. From May to September 2014, RCT was conducted among female university students divided into an intervention group and a control group. Results/Discussion: The intervention group showed significant in sleep regularity and stress management among lifestyle-related items, frequency of actions taken for managing menstrual symptoms, and self-efficacy than the control group. Compared with pre-intervention levels, significant increases were found after intervention in the total scores for lifestyle, which was a factor related to menstruation-associated symptoms, as well as the frequency of actions taken to cope with menstruation-associated symptoms and self-efficacy in the intervention group. In this group, improvements were found in pain among mMDQ and menorrhagia as well as in QOL. Conclusion: While no significant differences were found between the intervention and control groups in menstruation-associated symptoms and QOL, certain changes were noticed in the actions and mindset of the intervention group.