【Objective】 We aimed at obtaining suggestions to increase the number of organ donations by conducting a meta-analysis of studies on attitudes towards organ donation for undergraduate nurse students around the world.
【Data Sources】 We looked for documents published by April 2017 using CINAHL, MEDLINE, Japan Medical Abstract Society, CiNii, and PsycINFO. We searched for English and Japanese literature including all terms of “attitude”, “students”, “nursing”, “Tissue and Organ Procurement”, and “organ donation”. This study was carried out based on Prisma Statement 2010.
【Study Selection】 As a result of our search, we extracted six reports from CINAHL, 45 from MEDLINE, seven from Igaku Chuo Zasshi, 0 from CiNii, and 0 from PsycINFO databases. After exclusion criteria were applied, 21 reports were available for analysis.
【Data Extraction】 All reports involved studies with a cross-sectional research design. Self-administered questionnaires were used for data collection.
【Results】 Favorable family opinion toward donation significantly correlated with positive attitudes toward organ donation by the subjects.
【Conclusion】 This study outlined attitudes toward organ donation among nursing students worldwide. Positive attitudes of a person toward organ donation and transplantation demonstrated the influence of family members’ attitudes, suggesting that holding discussions with family members while the person is still alive could eliminate differences in opinions, thereby increasing opportunities for organ donation.