火山
Online ISSN : 2189-7182
Print ISSN : 0453-4360
マスターテフラによる日本の100万年噴火史編年(<特集>火山学の『夢』を語る)
早川 由紀夫
著者情報
ジャーナル フリー

1995 年 40 巻 Special 号 p. S1-S15

詳細
抄録

Age of a tephra can be determined by simple stratigraphy, if adequate number of time-markers are provided. Eleven master tephras are chosen as the time-markers for the last one million years. They are Kikai-Akahoya (7.330 ka), Aira-Tanzawa (26.00 ka), Daisen-Kurayoshi (50.00 ka), Aso-4 (87.00 ka), Ata-Torihama (250.0 ka), Kakuto (340.0 ka), Suiendani-TE5 (420.0 ka), Kobayashi-Sakura (540.0 ka), Kaisyo-Toriitoge (650.0 ka), Shishimuta-Azuki (870.0 ka), and Shishimuta-Pink (1000 ka). The present earth surface and Bruhnes/Matuyama boundary (780.0 ka) play a same role as master tephras. Ages of some master tephras are assigned rather arbitrarily, however, it is productive to affix them once to a specific value. A tephra sandwiched between two master tephras is afforded its age by interpolating the thicknesses of loess between them. This technique, loess-chronometry, has the advantage of ability to measure an interval of tens to thousands years in the geologic past, over radiometric dating. More than 900 tephras are presently recorded and linked each other in a computer database including name, source volcano, age, magnitude, stratigraphy, and remarks. An updated version is listed in WWW at "http://www.la.gunma-u.ac.jp/〜hayakawa/English.html".

著者関連情報
© 1995 特定非営利活動法人日本火山学会
前の記事 次の記事
feedback
Top