The Kurume Medical Journal
Online ISSN : 1881-2090
Print ISSN : 0023-5679
ISSN-L : 0023-5679
Case Report
Anomalous Aortic Origin of the Right Coronary Artery Incidentally Detected In a Patient with Degenerative Mitral Valve Disease
ジャーナル フリー

2020 年 67 巻 2.3 号 p. 131-135


Summary: Anomalous aortic origin of a coronary artery from the opposite sinus of Valsalva is known as a cause of sudden cardiac death. However, it is often asymptomatic and incidentally diagnosed during evaluation for other cardiac diseases.

We report a case of anomalous aortic origin of the right coronary artery (RCA) from the left sinus of Valsalva (ARCA) detected incidentally in a patient with degenerative mitral regurgitation (MR). A 47-year-old man, who had no history of myocardial ischemic symptoms on exertion, was admitted for sudden orthopnea. ECG revealed no ischemic changes and arrhythmias. Echocardiography demonstrated MR due to torn chordae of the posterior mitral leaflet. Computed tomography (CT) revealed the RCA arising from the left sinus of Valsalva at an acute angle and taking an interarterial course between the great arteries. The proximal RCA showed a circular shaped cross-section on CT, suggesting no presence of an intramural segment. Considering refractory heart failure and no history of myocardial ischemic symptoms on exertion as well as the findings of the CT angiography, urgent mitral valve repair was undertaken without surgical intervention for the anomalous RCA, and without evaluating myocardial ischemia. The patient recovered uneventfully. Postoperatively, myocardial perfusion scintigraphy demonstrated no exercise-induced myocardial ischemia.

Patients with ARCA who are asymptomatic and whose coronary course is not intramural can be managed without surgical intervention for an anomalous coronary artery.

© 2020 Kurume University School of Medicine