2000 Volume 41 Issue 11 Pages 1372-1378
Chemical mixing enthalpy (ΔHchem) and mismatch entropy normalized by Boltzmann constant (Sσ⁄kB) corresponding to the three empirical rules for the achievement of high amorphous-forming ability (AFA) were calculated with thermodynamical functions for the gross number of 6450 alloys in 351 ternary amorphous systems. The ternary amorphous alloys have ΔHchem of −86 to 25 kJ/mol and Sσ⁄kB of 1.0×10−3 to 5.7. The average values of ΔHchem and Sσ⁄kB are calculated to be −33 kJ/mol and 0.33, respectively. The 30 alloys in 9 ternary amorphous systems including 10 alloys in Ag–Cu–Fe system have positive values of ΔHchem. Most of the ternary amorphous alloys have the values of ΔHchem and Sσ⁄kB inside a trapezoid region in ΔHchem−log(Sσ⁄kB) chart except mainly for the H- and the C-containing alloys, Si–W–Zr system and the 32 alloys having positive values of ΔHchem. The analysis of AFA was carried out for typical five ternary amorphous systems. The following four results are derived. 1) Al–La–Ni and B–Fe–Zr alloys have high AFA in accordance with the concept of the three empirical rules. 2) The further multiplication of alloy components causes an increase in the AFA of Al–B–Fe alloys. 3) Thermodynamical factors represented by melting temperature and viscosity at the melting temperature are required for evaluation of AFA for Mg- and Pd-based amorphous alloys. 4) A tendency for log(Sσ⁄kB) to increase with decreasing ΔHchem is recognized in each alloys system, implying the stabilization of an amorphous phase against solid solution and intermediate phase.