Volume 13 (2014) Issue 1 Pages 1-6
Purpose: Differences in acute adverse reactions to different gadolinium (Gd)-based contrast agents have not been thoroughly evaluated. We investigated the relationships among the incidence and severity of acute adverse reactions, backgrounds of patients, and 4 types of different Gd-based contrast agents (gadopentetate dimeglumine, gadoteridol, gadoterate meglumine, and gadoxetate disodium).
Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the radiological records of 10,595 consecutive patients (4,343 female; 6,252 male; mean age, 63.8 ± 14.0 years) who underwent contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging between August 2006 and March 2011. Adverse reactions were classified as mild, moderate, and severe according to the definition of the American College of Radiology. The incidence of adverse reactions were compared on the basis of clinical characteristics and type, dose, and delivery methods of contrast agents by univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses.
Results: The incidence of overall reactions was 0.45% (48/10,595); 45 reactions were mild and three were moderate. No severe reactions were observed. Although the incidence of adverse reactions did not differ significantly between male and female patients, younger individuals were at higher risk for acute adverse reactions. The contrast injection rate and contrast dose were not significantly related to the incidence of adverse reactions. The incidence of adverse reactions was significantly higher for gadoxetate disodium (0.82%) than gadopentetate dimeglumine (0.43%).
Conclusion: The incidence of acute adverse reactions elicited by Gd-based contrast agents injection was only 0.45%. Younger age was a risk factor for acute reactions. All 4 agents were found to be safe, although gadoxetate disodium showed a relatively higher incidence of adverse reactions.