Purpose: Various magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques including T2*-weighted imaging, susceptibility-weighted imaging, and MR relaxometry had been performed to evaluate different patterns of brain iron depositions in Parkinsonian syndrome. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of a volume of interest (VOI) analysis on the principles of echo shifting with a train of observations (PRESTO) imaging using the statistical parametric mapping (SPM) 8 and the WFU PickAtlas program for the diagnosis of Parkinsonian syndrome.,
Methods: Fifty subjects, including 13 with the Parkinsonian variant of multiple system atrophy (MSA-P), 12 with progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), 12 with Parkinson’s disease (PD) and 13 controls were evaluated in this study. After the spatial normalization of PRESTO images on SPM8, the WFU PickAtlas program was performed to create target VOIs in the putamen, red nucleus, substantia nigra, subthalamic nucleus, and dentate nucleus. The signal intensity ratio (SIR) was calculated by normalizing the signal of each VOI to that of the cerebrospinal fluid space. These SIRs were used as determinants in receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses.
Results: SIR of the putamen was significantly lower in MSA-P than in PSP (P = 0.0051) and controls (P = 0.0004). In contrast, SIR of the red nucleus was significantly lower in PSP than in MSA-P (P = 0.0003), PD (P = 0.0029), and controls (P = 0.0011). In ROC analyses, SIR of the putamen exhibited the highest areas under the curves (AUCs) of 0.83 (vs. PSP) and 0.91 (vs. controls) in the diagnosis of MSA-P. On the other hand, SIR of the red nucleus exhibited the highest AUCs of 0.87 (vs. MSA-P), 0.90 (vs. PD), and 0.89 (vs. controls) in the diagnosis of PSP.
Conclusions: The VOI analysis based on spatially normalized PRESTO images may be useful for depicting hypointensity, indicative of abnormal iron depositions, of the putamen and red nucleus in the diagnosis of MSA-P and PSP.
2017 by Japanese Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine