Magnetic Resonance in Medical Sciences
Online ISSN : 1880-2206
Print ISSN : 1347-3182
Major Papers
Diagnostic Performance of Diffusion Tensor Imaging with Readout-segmented Echo-planar Imaging for Invasive Breast Cancer: Correlation of ADC and FA with Pathological Prognostic Markers
Ken YamaguchiTakahiko NakazonoRyoko EgashiraYoshiaki KomoriJun NakamuraTomoyuki NoguchiHiroyuki Irie
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Volume 16 (2017) Issue 3 Pages 245-252

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Purpose: To assess the diagnostic performance of readout-segmented echo-planar diffusion tensor imaging (DTI based on rs-EPI) for breast cancer and to determine the correlation between the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and fractional anisotropy (FA) values obtained from DTI based on rs-EPI with prognostic markers of invasive breast cancer.

Materials and Methods: This retrospective study examined 80 pathologically proven breast lesions (22 benign and 58 malignant lesions) of 80 patients who underwent both diffusion-weighted imaging based on single-shot echo-planar imaging (DWI based on ss-EPI) and DTI based on rs-EPI with b-values of 0 and 1000. We identified and compared the diagnostic performances of the DWI based on ss-EPI and the DTI based on rs-EPI using ADCs by conducting a receiver-operating-characteristics (ROC) analysis. We determined the correlations between the ADCs and the prognostic markers and those of the FA values and the same markers.

Results: The median ADCs of the benign and malignant lesions based on the ss-EPI were 1.57 and 1.2 × 10−3 mm2/sec, and those based on the rs-EPI were 1.53 and 1.09 × 10−3 mm2/sec, respectively. The area under the curve on the ROC analysis based on rs-EPI (0.924) was greater than that based on ss-EPI (0.897). There were no significant correlations between the ADCs and the prognostic markers, but there were significant correlations between the FA values and the estrogen receptor status, a proliferative marker, the nuclear grade and the intrinsic subtype.

Conclusion: For breast cancer, DTI based on rs-EPI had superior diagnostic performance compared to DWI based on ss-EPI. Compared with the ADCs, the FA values were more closely correlated with prognostic markers of invasive breast cancer.

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© 2017 by Japanese Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
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