Three-dimensional (3D) cardiac magnetic resonance (MR) imaging has several advantages, including the easy coverage of the entire heart without misregistration, reduction of breath-holding times, and availability for postprocessing reconstruction. These advantages are associated with some techniques such as breath-hold or navigator gating and parallel imaging. However, the image quality of 3D cardiac MR images is compromised by the use of a shorter repetition time and parallel imaging. Thus, a steady-state free precession sequence, contrast agent administration, and presaturation pulses are used to maintain the image quality. In this review, we introduce the MR imaging techniques used in 3D cardiac MR imaging and demonstrate the typical 3D cardiac MR images, followed by discussion about their advantages and disadvantages.
2017 by Japanese Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine