Magnetic Resonance in Medical Sciences
Online ISSN : 1880-2206
Print ISSN : 1347-3182
ISSN-L : 1347-3182
Major Papers
Age Dependence of Gadolinium Leakage from the Cortical Veins into the Cerebrospinal Fluid Assessed with Whole Brain 3D-real Inversion Recovery MR Imaging
Shinji NaganawaToshiki NakaneHisashi KawaiToshiaki Taoka
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2019 Volume 18 Issue 2 Pages 163-169


Purpose: It has been reported that intravenously administered gadolinium-based contrast agents (IV-GBCAs) leak into the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) even in healthy subjects. The purpose of this study was to evaluate GBCA leakage from the cortical veins in patients with delayed imaging after IV-GBCA.

Materials and Methods: There are two parts of retrospective study. In the first part, we reviewed six patients with suspected endolymphatic hydrops (EH) who received a single dose of IV-GBCA (37–58 years old). The 3D-real inversion recovery images were obtained prior to the contrast administration as well as 5 min and 4 h after IV-GBCA. Leakage from the cortical veins to the CSF was graded as positive if enhancement around the cortical veins at 5 min was observed and had further spread into the CSF at 4 h after IV-GBCA.

In the second part of this study, we reviewed 21 patients with suspected EH (17–69 years old). Images were obtained only at 4 h after IV-GBCA. The number of slices (NOS) with a positive GBCA leakage from the cortical veins was counted. The correlation of the NOS with age, gender, and degree of EH was evaluated by Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient.

Results: In the first part of the study, the GBCA leakage from the cortical veins was positive in all patients. In the second part of the study, the GBCA leakage from the cortical veins was seen in all older patients (above 37 years old), but not in the five younger patients (younger than 37 years old). The NOS correlated significantly only with age (r = 0.755, P < 0.01), but not with gender or degree of EH.

Conclusion: IV-GBCA leaks from the cortical veins into the surrounding CSF. The leakiness of the cortical veins significantly correlated with age, but not with gender or degree of EH.

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© 2019 by Japanese Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine

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