Magnetic Resonance in Medical Sciences
Online ISSN : 1880-2206
Print ISSN : 1347-3182
ISSN-L : 1347-3182
Characterization of Cardiac- and Respiratory-driven Cerebrospinal Fluid Motions Using a Correlation Mapping Technique Based on Asynchronous Two-dimensional Phase Contrast MR Imaging
Satoshi YatsushiroSaeko SunoharaTetsuya TokushimaKen TakizawaMitsunori MatsumaeHideki AtsumiTomohiko HorieNao KajiharaKagayaki Kuroda
Author information
Supplementary material

2021 Volume 20 Issue 4 Pages 385-395


Purpose: The cardiac- and respiratory-driven components of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) motion characteristics and bulk flow are not yet completely understood. Therefore, the present study aimed to characterize cardiac- and respiratory-driven CSF motions in the intracranial space using delay time, CSF velocity waveform correlation, and displacement.

Methods: Asynchronous two-dimensional phase-contrast at 3T was applied to measure the CSF velocity in the inferior–superior direction in a sagittal slice at the midline (N = 12) and an axial slice at the foramen magnum (N = 8). Volunteers were instructed to engage in six-second respiratory cycles. The calculated delay time and correlation coefficients of the cardiac- and respiratory-driven velocity waveforms, separated in the frequency domain, were applied to evaluate the propagation of the CSF motion. The cardiac- and respiratory-driven components of the CSF displacement and motion volume were calculated during diastole and systole, and during inhalation and exhalation, respectively. The cardiac- and respiratory-driven components of the velocity, correlation, displacement, and motion volume were compared using an independent two-sample t-test.

Results: The ratio of the cardiac-driven CSF velocity to the sum of the cardiac- and respiratory-driven CSF velocities was higher than the equivalent respiratory-driven ratio for all cases (P < 0.01). Delay time and correlation maps demonstrated that the cardiac-driven CSF motion propagated more extensively than the respiratory-driven CSF motion. The correlation coefficient of the cardiac-driven motion was significantly higher in the prepontine (P < 0.01), the aqueduct, and the fourth ventricle (P < 0.05). The respiratory-driven displacement and motion volume were significantly greater than the cardiac-driven equivalents for all observations (P < 0.01).

Conclusion: The correlation mapping technique characterized the cardiac- and respiratory-driven CSF velocities and their propagation properties in the intracranial space. Based on these findings, cardiac-driven CSF velocity is greater than respiratory-induced velocity, but the respiratory-driven velocity might displace farther.

Content from these authors
© 2021 by Japanese Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine

This article is licensed under a Creative Commons [Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International] license.
Previous article Next article