2022 Volume 21 Issue 3 Pages 469-476
Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate contrast enhancement of the infundibular recess in the normal state using heavily T2-weighted 3D fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) (HT2-FLAIR).
Methods: Twenty-six patients were retrospectively recruited. We subjectively assessed overall contrast enhancement of the infundibular recess between postcontrast, 4-hour (4-h) delayed postcontrast, and precontrast HT2-FLAIR images. We also objectively conducted chronological and spatial comparisons by measuring the signal intensity (SI) ratio (SIR). Chronological comparisons were performed by comparing SI of the infundibular recess/SI of the midbrain (SIRIR-MB). Spatial comparisons were conducted by comparing SI on postcontrast HT2-FLAIR/SI on precontrast HT2-FLAIR (SIRPost-Pre) of the infundibular recess with that of other cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) spaces, including the superior part of the third ventricle, lateral ventricles, fourth ventricle, and interpeduncular cistern.
Results: In the subjective analysis, all cases showed contrast enhancement of the infundibular recess on both postcontrast and 4-h delayed postcontrast HT2-FLAIR, and showed weaker contrast enhancement of the infundibular recess on 4-h delayed postcontrast HT2-FLAIR than on postcontrast HT2-FLAIR. In the objective analysis, SIRIR-MB was the highest on postcontrast images, followed by 4-h delayed postcontrast images. SIRPost-Pre was significantly higher in the infundibular recess than in the other CSF spaces.
Conclusion: The present results demonstrated that the infundibular recess was enhanced on HT2-FLAIR after an intravenous gadolinium injection. The infundibular recess may be a potential source of the leakage of intravenously administered gadolinium into the CSF.