Article ID: mp.2019-0013
Purpose: Recently, the use of 3D real inversion recovery (3D-real IR) imaging has been proposed for the evaluation of endolymphatic hydrops (EH). This method shows similar contrast between the endolymphatic and perilymphatic spaces and surrounding bone compared with the hybrid of reversed image of positive endolymph signal and native image of perilymph signal multiplied with heavily T2-weighted MR cisternography (HYDROPS-Mi2) image. We measured the volume of the endolymphatic space using 3D-real IR and HYDROPS-Mi2 images, and compared the measurements obtained with both techniques.
Methods: HYDROPS-Mi2 and 3D-real IR images were obtained for 30 ears from 15 patients with clinical suspicion of EH; imaging was performed 4 h after intravenous administration of a single dose of gadolinium-based contrast agent. We measured the volume of the endolymphatic space in the cochlea and vestibule by manually drawing the regions of interest. The correlation between endolymphatic volume determined from HYDROPS-Mi2 images and 3D-real IR images was calculated.
Results: There was a strong positive linear correlation between the cochlear and vestibular endolymphatic volume determined from HYDROPS-Mi2 and 3D-real IR images. The Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient (ρ) between the measurements obtained with both images was 0.805 (P < 0.001) for the cochlea and 0.826 (P < 0.001) for the vestibule.
Conclusion: The endolymphatic volume measured using 3D-real IR images strongly correlated with that measured using HYDROPS-Mi2 images. Thus, 3D-real IR imaging might be a suitable method for the measurement of endolymphatic volume.