2021 年 44 巻 2 号 p. 50-54
The patient, a 64–year–old man, was found lying on the bypass road and called emergency medical services. Computed tomography (CT) showed right acute subdural hematoma with midline shift, and we decided to perform craniotomy to remove the hematoma. After removal of the hematoma, microscopic examination revealed a small aneurysm in the peripheral portion of the middle cerebral artery running to the cerebral surface of the temporal lobe. The aneurysm was trapped, and the specimen was submitted for pathological examination. Pathologically, a true aneurysm was suspected. Acute subdural hematoma is usually caused by head trauma, but in rare cases, it can be caused by a ruptured aneurysm. In the case of non–traumatic subdural hematoma, not only decompression but also radical treatment is required, which changes the treatment strategy.