NMC Case Report Journal
Online ISSN : 2188-4226
ISSN-L : 2188-4226
Case Reports
The Involvement of Sensory-motor Networks in Reflex Seizure
Hime SuzukiRei EnatsuAya KannoSatoko OchiTakashi MuraharaShogo YazawaHideaki ShiraishiNobuhiro Mikuni
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2017 Volume 4 Issue 4 Pages 127-130


Reflex seizures are epileptic events triggered by specific external stimuli, or less commonly, internal mental stimuli. Understanding the characteristics of reflex seizures is important to elucidate the mechanisms underlying network abnormalities in epileptic conditions. This report details a patient with medically intractable reflex seizures provoked by sensory stimuli to the patient’s right foot. Single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) during the seizure induced by sensory stimulation showed hyperperfusion in broad sensory-motor networks (dorsal column-medial lemniscus pathway, left thalamus, bilateral postcentral gyri and posterior parietal cortices, left supplementary motor area (SMA), and left paracentral lobule) and left caudateputamen. The irritative zones and ictal onset zone were localized to the left medial frontoparietal (SMA, anterior and middle cingulate gyrus, and paracentral lobule) and lateral posterior parietal cortices, as evidenced by amelioration of reflex seizures following intracranial electroencephalography and surgical resection of these areas. The neuroradiological and electrophysiological findings in our case study illustrate that the mechanism of reflex seizures may be associated with hyperexcitability of the broad sensory-motor networks, including the basal ganglia. Disconnection of these networks is necessary to treat reflex seizures.

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© 2017 The Japan Neurosurgical Society

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