NMC Case Report Journal
Online ISSN : 2188-4226
ISSN-L : 2188-4226
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Displaying 1-20 of 20 articles from this issue
CASE REPORT
  • Eiji MORIYAMA, Shinichi ISHIKAWA
    2022 Volume 9 Pages 1-5
    Published: December 31, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: February 23, 2022
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    Spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) is no longer considered rare. Its estimated annual incidence is 5 cases per 100,000 individuals, which is half the incidence of subarachnoid hemorrhage. Epidural blood patch (EBP) is indicated for SIH patients who do not improve with conservative treatment. Accurate determination of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak site is critical for a successfully targeted EBP. We report the case of a 43-year-old woman with SIH secondary to CSF leakage at the craniovertebral junction dural entry point of the vertebral artery (VA). We treated the patient 2 months after the onset of symptoms. Fat-suppressed T2-weighted spinal magnetic resonance (MR) images revealed a massive epidural fluid collection around the upper thoracic spine. Extravasation of contrast medium through the left VA-dural entry point was clearly visible on computed tomographic myelography. A cervical EBP was injected through the C1-2 interlaminar space. The patient had a smooth recovery and was asymptomatic, with normal spinal MR findings, 6 months after treatment. The possibility of CSF leakage from the dural entry point of the VA should be considered in SIH patients. EBP targeted at the VA entry point is proposed as a safe and effective treatment.

  • Noriyuki WATANABE, Aiki MARUSHIMA, Tenyu HINO, Shinya MINAMIMOTO, Masa ...
    2022 Volume 9 Pages 7-12
    Published: December 31, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: February 23, 2022
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    Aplastic or twig-like middle cerebral artery (Ap/T-MCA) is a rare vascular anomaly that can cause a hemorrhagic or ischemic event. We report a 38-year-old man who presented with intracerebral hemorrhage from a ruptured aneurysm associated with an Ap/T-MCA. After aneurysm trapping and resection, histopathological examination revealed an internal elastic lamina (IEL) disruption and a thin aneurysmal wall. The patient recovered well after surgery and rehabilitation. No hemorrhagic or ischemic events have occurred during 2 years of follow-up. Ap/T-MCA-associated aneurysms exhibit a disrupted IEL and thin wall, which demonstrates the fragility of the "twig-like" vessels.

  • Mariko NODA, Motoki INAJI, Jun KARAKAMA, Yukika ARAI, Masae KUROHA, Ka ...
    2022 Volume 9 Pages 13-17
    Published: December 31, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: February 23, 2022
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    It has been reported that bevacizumab, an agent administered as an adjuvant therapy for high-grade gliomas, causes thromboembolic complications. We report a cerebral infarction with newly developed cerebral artery stenosis occurring during treatment with bevacizumab for an anaplastic astrocytoma. A 48-year-old female underwent excision surgery for an anaplastic astrocytoma on the right temporal lobe and received radiation therapy and chemotherapy with temozolomide. Twenty months after the maintenance therapy, treatment with bevacizumab was introduced for tumor recurrence. After the 14th course of bevacizumab at 6 months, 27 months after radiation therapy, the patient began experiencing mild right hemiparesis. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed scattered cerebral infarcts on the left frontal lobe and diffuse cerebral artery stenosis of the bilateral internal carotid artery system both inside and outside the radiation-treated area. Antiplatelet medication was commenced, and there was no recurrence of ischemic stroke. The morphological transition of the cerebral arteries should be carefully monitored via magnetic resonance angiography during post-radiation treatment with bevacizumab.

  • Naokado IKEDA, Yoji TAMURA, Yoko MATSUSHITA, Takuya KANEMITSU, Naosuke ...
    2022 Volume 9 Pages 19-23
    Published: December 31, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: February 23, 2022
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    Septum pellucidum cyst is rare and is defined as a fluid-filled space between the lateral ventricles; it has a width of 10 mm or more. In this case report, a surgical patient of symptomatic septum pellucidum cyst (SPC) in extreme age is described. To the best our knowledge, this is the first report of an extremely aged patient with symptomatic SPC that was successfully treated using a flexible neuroendoscope. An 85-year-old male complained of gradually worsening gait disturbance, dementia, and urinary incontinence without headache and was admitted to our hospital. MRI revealed a huge cyst between the lateral ventricles as well as ventricle dilatation with periventricular hyperintensity in T2-weighted image. The patient was diagnosed with symptomatic hydrocephalus with SPC and underwent neuroendoscopic fenestration of the cyst with the use of a flexible endoscope without cerebrospinal fluid shunt placement. Immediately after the surgery, the patient's gait disturbance and dementia were dramatically improved. In extremely aged patients, SPC tended to develop with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus-like symptoms, including gait disturbance without increasing intracranial pressure, sensorimotor disturbances, and psychological disorders. Neuroendoscopic cyst fenestration with the use of a flexible scope for SPC is a less-invasive procedure and should be considered even for extreme elderly symptomatic patients.

  • Yuta KOKETSU, Takafumi TANEI, Takenori KATO, Takehiro NAITO, Ko OKADA, ...
    2022 Volume 9 Pages 25-30
    Published: December 31, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: February 23, 2022
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    A 36-year-old woman presented with sudden onset of a right-sided headache that awoke her from sleep. She had no episodes of trauma or abuse. She was initially able to speak, but fell into a coma within an hour. The right pupil was dilated, with slow pupillary reflexes to light on both sides, and she showed left hemiparalysis. Computed tomography scan showed a right acute epidural hematoma, approximately 4 cm in thickness, and there were no findings of trauma such as skin wounds, subcutaneous hematomas, or skull fractures. In the emergency room, decompression of intracranial pressure by one burr hole was performed, and her dilated right pupil improved to normal size. She was then moved to the operating room, and hematoma removal was performed by craniotomy. Her blood pressure trended downward despite rapid blood transfusion and vasopressor therapy. There were no abnormal findings apparent intraoperatively, except for oozing from the whole surface of the dura mater and epidural space. Her consciousness improved postoperatively, and her left hemiparalysis improved within a few days. No causative diseases, risk factors, or vascular abnormalities were found on laboratory and radiological surveys. Two months postoperatively, the bone flap was removed because of infection. Eight months postoperatively, a cranioplasty using artificial skull was performed, and her postoperative course was uneventful. One year after the initial surgery, she has no neurological deficits, and there has been no recurrence of epidural hematoma.

  • Yasuyuki KINOSHITA, Akira TAGUCHI, Fumiyuki YAMASAKI, Masahiro NAKAMOR ...
    2022 Volume 9 Pages 31-35
    Published: December 31, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: March 04, 2022
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    Because of nonspecific clinical and radiological findings, it is difficult to diagnose isolated neurosarcoidosis without histological examination. Distinguishing neurosarcoidosis from neoplasm, infectious disease, or granulomatous disease can be challenging.In this study, we present a case of a 61-year-old female who presented with unilateral blindness. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a large invasive mass lesion located in the neurohypophysis with homogeneous enhancement after the injection of gadolinium. The lesion involved the bilateral cavernous sinus, which extended along the dura of the skull base with leptomeningeal lesions. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) and fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/CT of the entire body showed no other lesions. Biochemical examinations showed no useful data, including angiotensin-converting enzyme, β-glucan, soluble interleukin-2 receptor, and T-SPOT. Cerebrospinal fluid examination revealed only the elevation of total protein. Under the preoperative diagnosis of a malignant tumor or metastatic tumor, followed by tuberculosis, fungal infection, or granulomatous disease, a biopsy was performed to immediately determine the appropriate therapy, which revealed the histological diagnosis of sarcoidosis. After steroid therapy, the lesions had markedly shrunk as observed on MRI, and the eyesight of the patient's right eye was completely restored. In this case, without a biopsy, discriminating between sarcoidosis and a malignant tumor was difficult. We believe that a prompt histological diagnosis of an invasive isolated neurohypophysial mass lesion involving the bilateral cavernous sinus, which is similar to a malignant tumor, is essential for selecting the appropriate therapy.

  • Kokyo SAKURADA, Akio TERANISHI, Eisuke TSUKAGOSHI, Satoshi IIHOSHI, Hi ...
    2022 Volume 9 Pages 37-41
    Published: December 31, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: April 01, 2022
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    Stent-assisted coil embolization (SACE) is useful for treating wide-necked aneurysms. Most superior cerebellar artery (SCA) aneurysms have a wide neck, but there are few reports of SCA aneurysms treated with SACE.

    One reason is that the anatomical characteristic of SCA aneurysm is not suitable for standard SACE. It is often challenging to deliver a stent to SCA via the basilar artery in an anterograde manner. In contrast, it is not difficult to deliver a stent to SCA from the anterior circulation via the posterior communicating artery. This method, in which a catheter is navigated from the anterior to the posterior circulation, is called a transcirculation technique.

    We report two cases of SCA aneurysm successfully treated with SACE using transcirculation technique. This approach is helpful for wide-necked SCA aneurysms.

  • Tomotaka OHSHIMA, Mao YOKOTA, Koichiro OGURA, Megumi KOIWAI, Naoki MAT ...
    2022 Volume 9 Pages 43-47
    Published: December 31, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: April 01, 2022
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    Hemorrhagic isolated dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) are often challenging to treat. Here, we report a case of the lateral cavernous sinus (CS) DAVF successfully treated by transarterial intravenous coil embolization using a curved multiplanar reconstruction (MPR) image assistance. A 54-year-old man presented with a severe headache and was diagnosed with subarachnoid hemorrhage caused by CSDAVF. Angiography indicated that the fistula was fed by branches of the left external carotid artery and drained into cortical veins. There were multiple shunting points at the left sphenobasal vein accompanied by varicose veins. Using curved MPR images, the left accessory meningeal artery was chosen for the endovascular approach into the affected veins, including ruptured varix. The shunt was completely occluded by detachable coils.

    When the curved MPR image indicates a developing feeding artery and a large shunting point, transarterial intravenous coil embolization becomes a good treatment option for CSDAVF, which has no venous access.

  • Hiroyasu INOUE, Masahiro OOMURA, Yusuke NISHIKAWA, Mitsuhito MASE, Nor ...
    2022 Volume 9 Pages 49-53
    Published: December 31, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: April 01, 2022
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    Internal carotid artery occlusion rarely recanalizes spontaneously. Awareness of signs of recanalization is important, as it may necessitate changing the treatment strategy. We report a case of new cortical infarction outside the border zone, which led to the realization of internal carotid artery recanalization and revascularization.

    A 76-year-old woman presented with mild dysarthria. Magnetic resonance imaging showed cerebral infarction in the left-hemispheric border zone and occlusion of the internal carotid artery origin. Cerebral angiography performed showed complete occlusion of the internal carotid artery origin and intracranial collateral blood flow from the external carotid artery through the ophthalmic artery. She was diagnosed with infarction due to a hemodynamic mechanism caused by internal carotid artery occlusion and was treated with supplemental fluids and antithrombotic drugs. Four days after hospitalization, the right paralysis worsened and a new cerebral infarction was observed in the cortex, outside the border zone. This infarction appeared to be embolic rather than hemodynamic; thus, we suspected recanalization of the internal carotid artery. The patient underwent emergency cerebral angiography again, which revealed slight recanalization. Thus, emergency revascularization and carotid artery stenting were performed. New cortical infarcts outside the border zone in patients with complete internal carotid artery occlusion is an important finding, suggesting spontaneous recanalization of the occluded internal carotid artery.

  • Yusuke MORINAGA, Hiroyoshi AKUTSU, Hiroyoshi KINO, Shuho TANAKA, Hidet ...
    2022 Volume 9 Pages 55-61
    Published: December 31, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: April 01, 2022
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    Supplementary material

    We report the use of endoscopic endonasal surgery for dural reconstruction following a cerebrospinal fluid leak in a 33-year-old patient with recurrent meningitis since at age of 2 years. Magnetic resonance imaging showed osteolytic changes in the left temporal and sphenoid bones, including the left pterygoid plate, a few left temporal encephaloceles, and cerebrospinal fluid-like fluid in the expanded Meckel's cave and the parapharyngeal space. After endoscopic endonasal surgery, Gorham-Stout disease was diagnosed. No recurrence of cerebrospinal fluid leakage or meningitis has been observed. Thus, endoscopic endonasal surgery might improve clinical outcomes in patients with Gorham-Stout disease and skull base defects.

  • Narihide SHINODA, Shogo TAMURA, Masafumi MORI, Mitsugu NAKAMURA, Kazuy ...
    2022 Volume 9 Pages 63-67
    Published: December 31, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: April 01, 2022
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    Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) -related intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) is believed to be associated with at least one known risk factor for ICH, such as hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes mellitus, severe pneumonia, or anticoagulation therapy. However, in this study, we report a case of ICH in a 14-year-old boy with mild COVID-19 infection without pneumonia who had no such risk factors. The only abnormal laboratory finding was temporary depletion of vitamin K-dependent coagulation factors. This case indicates that COVID-19 infection may cause simultaneous asymptomatic intracranial microhemorrhages and temporary depletion of vitamin K-dependent coagulation factors. This temporary depletion might transform the intracranial microhemorrhages into symptomatic ICH.

  • Takahiro OTA, Shogo DOFUKU, Masayuki SATO
    2022 Volume 9 Pages 69-72
    Published: December 31, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: April 01, 2022
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    Posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) variations are well recognized; however, their mechanisms have not been well understood. Primitive lateral basilovertebral anastomosis (PLBA) was described in 1948 by Padget and is one of the embryological transient longitudinal channels in the hindbrain. This study reports a PICA aneurysm associated with PLBA. A 48-year-old man presented with subarachnoid hemorrhage. Cerebral angiography showed a 3.6-mm fusiform aneurysm with a bleb of the left PICA just at the origin of the PICA from the vertebral artery. Furthermore, a direct anterior inferior cerebellar artery (AICA) -PICA anastomosis parallel to the basilar artery was revealed. This direct anastomosis between the AICA and PICA is explained by the partial persistence of PLBA. Variations in the three cerebellar arteries and vertebrobasilar junction can be caused by persistence of PLBA.

  • Masamichi ENDO, Shunya HANAKITA, Soichi OYA
    2022 Volume 9 Pages 73-76
    Published: December 31, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: April 21, 2022
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    There are various causes of ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) failures. Patients who receive shunt placement during childhood need follow-up for decades as they grow, especially in the early periods of life. Herein, we report a rare case of mechanical shunt obstruction in a pediatric patient in whom a cramped burr hole and skull growth compressed the tube and obstructed cerebrospinal fluid flow. A 6-year-old girl presented to our hospital with nausea and headache. She was born preterm and developed intraventricular hemorrhage followed by VPS placement for hydrocephalus; thereafter, she had no need for shunt revision until this admission. After careful evaluation of the patency of the shunt system, the presence of tube stenosis was suspected at the site of the shunt tube penetrating the burr hole of the skull. During the operation to revise the shunt tube, a compressed tube was observed at the exit from the skull. After enlarging the narrowed burr hole and reconstructing the proximal catheter, her symptoms immediately improved. Previously, only one case of shunt malfunction due to tube compression from bone growth has been reported in a pediatric patient with osteopetrosis. To the best of our knowledge, such a condition has never been described in pediatric patients with no metabolic bone disease. Although it is rare, obstruction at the exit from the skull due to bone growth should be included in differential diagnoses for young patients during a long follow-up after VPS.

  • Takayuki ISHIKAWA, Kazuhito TAKEUCHI, Yuichi NAGATA, Keishi ITO, Taiki ...
    2022 Volume 9 Pages 77-82
    Published: December 31, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: April 21, 2022
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    Here we report a rare case of capillary hemangioma (CH) in a 28-year-old woman suffering from gradual worsening diplopia at 28 weeks of pregnancy. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a mass lesion (about 3 cm in diameter) in the right parasellar region. We decided to observe as she was pregnant, and had no symptoms other than right abducent nerve palsy. Fortunately, her symptoms did not worsen until delivery. Computed tomography, enhanced MRI, and angiography after delivery revealed that the lesion was highly calcified and vascularized. A dorsum sellae meningioma or highly calcified pituitary adenoma was suspected and the endoscopic transsphenoidal approach was used for tumor removal.

    The postoperative course was uneventful. The histological diagnosis was CH.

    Intracranial CHs or CHs of skull are rare vascular tumors. These tumors are reportedly more common in female patients and may change in size in adults according to menstrual cycle and pregnancy. Only six cases, including that of the present study, were diagnosed during the perinatal period. Some of them experienced rapid symptom progression and tumor growth in their course; thus, we should pay further attention to pregnant or peripartum patients with brain tumor, suspected hemangiomas.

  • Shoko Merrit YAMADA, Yusuke TOMITA, Mikiko TAKAHASHI, Masashi KAWAMOTO
    2022 Volume 9 Pages 83-88
    Published: December 31, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: April 28, 2022
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    Lymphomatosis cerebri is an atypical form of primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL), which frequently causes rapid progression of dementia. A 68-year-old woman exhibited rapidly progressing disorientation and a mini-mental state examination score of 9. The fluid-attenuated inversion recovery of a magnetic resonance image (MRI) demonstrated focal areas of high-signal intensity in the right frontal lobe with a small enhancement, which was histologically diagnosed as diffuse large B-cell type lymphoma. The lesion dramatically shrank, and no enhancements were identified on MRI after treatment with high-dose methotrexate (MTX) and whole-brain radiation (WBR). However, her recovery of cognitive function was poor. The patient visited our clinic every 2 months but succumbed to systemic mycotic sepsis 14 months after the biopsy. Autopsy revealed lymphomatosis cerebri in the patient based on a feature of scattered small clusters of lymphoma cells infiltrating into the brain parenchyma in both cerebral hemispheres. Differentiation of lymphomatosis cerebri from other white matter degenerative diseases is usually challenging because lymphomatosis cerebri seldom forms mass lesions. In lymphomatosis cerebri, the lymphoma cells infiltrate into several regions in the brain tissue, including the basal ganglia, brainstem, and corpus callosum, in addition to periventricular and subcortical white matters. The rapid deterioration of cognitive function in the patient suggests a rapid spread of lymphomatosis cerebri, necessitating early histological diagnosis and prompt treatments. If the diagnosis is obtained, administration of high-dose MTX and WBR followed by rituximab and cytarabine can contribute to a longer survival time, based on our literature review.

  • Kiyohide KAKUTA, Kenichiro ASANO, Norihito SHIMAMURA, Akira KUROSE, Hi ...
    2022 Volume 9 Pages 89-94
    Published: December 31, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: April 28, 2022
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    Supplementary material

    A dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor (DNT) is a benign neoplasm that usually occurs in the supratentorial cerebral cortex. Here, we report a rare case of an infratentorial DNT in a 42-year-old woman who presented with dizziness and a gait disturbance. Magnetic resonance imaging of the lesion demonstrated hyperintensity on T2-weighted images and hypointensity on T1-weighted images of the left cerebellar hemisphere with a multifocal lesion. Macroscopically, the lesion appeared soft, avascular, and slightly torose at the cortical surface. Histologically, dysplastic disorganization of the cortex and floating neurons were observed. The pathological and immunochemical features of this case agree with the diagnosis of a DNT. The lesion partially included cortical heterotopia, which is a novel observation in an infratentorial DNT. On the basis of the previous reports, we discussed the surgical resection of the infratentorial DNT.

  • Kohei CHIDA, Tatsuhiko TAKAHASHI, Suguru IGARASHI, Kentaro FUJIMOTO, Y ...
    2022 Volume 9 Pages 95-100
    Published: December 31, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: April 28, 2022
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    The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic continues to spread around the world, and widespread vaccination is considered the most effective way to end it. Although the efficacy of COVID-19 vaccines has been confirmed, their safety remains a concern. In this paper, we report two cases of ruptured vertebral artery dissecting aneurysm (VADA) immediately after messenger RNA (mRNA) anti-COVID-19 vaccination. In Case 1, a 60-year-old woman experienced sudden headache 3 weeks before her first dose of the Moderna mRNA-1273 COVID-19 vaccine. Magnetic resonance imaging showed dilatation of the right vertebral artery (VA) without intracranial hemorrhage. A day after the vaccination, she developed subarachnoid hemorrhage with pulmonary effusion due to a ruptured right VADA. She underwent endovascular internal trapping and parent artery occlusion under general anesthesia. In Case 2, a 72-year-old woman with a previous history of the left VA occlusion due to arterial dissection developed subarachnoid hemorrhage 7 days after the first dose of the Pfizer-BioNTech BNT162b2 COVID-19 mRNA vaccine due to a ruptured right VADA and underwent stent-assisted coil embolization under general anesthesia. The postoperative courses of these two cases were uneventful. The accumulation of more cases and further study are warranted to clarify the relationship between COVID-19 mRNA vaccination and ruptured intracranial dissecting aneurysms.

  • Minami SASAKI, Seiichiro HIRONO, Yue GAO, Izumi SUDA, Tomoo MATSUTANI, ...
    2022 Volume 9 Pages 101-109
    Published: December 31, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: May 18, 2022
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    Intracranial myxoid mesenchymal tumors (IMMTs) with EWSR1-CREB1 family gene fusion are rare brain neoplasms characterized by gene fusion between the EWSR1 gene and one of the cyclic AMP response element-binding (CREB) family transcription factor (CREB1, ATF1, or CREM) genes. Although half of reported cases are pediatric, the clinical, histologic, and genomic features of IMMTs with EWSR1 rearrangement in pediatric populations are not yet well clarified. Here we describe the case of a 7-year-old girl who presented with seizures due to an extra-axial tumor in the left parietal convexity. Gross total resection was achieved, and the tumor displayed a multilobular structure with solid hypercellular and myxoid hypocellular areas, separated by a variable amount of stroma. The hypercellular areas consisted of round to polygonal cells, whereas the myxoid areas were ovoid to spindled cells. Immunophenotypically, the tumor cells were positive for vimentin, desmin, and EMA. Next-generation sequencing of tumoral DNA revealed EWSR1-CREM gene fusion and a pathogenic mutation of MAP3K13. No recurrence was detected 9 months after resection, without chemotherapy or radiotherapy. In comparison to other pediatric and adult patients with EWSR1 rearrangement, many clinical, radiological, and immunohistochemical features were shared. However, signs of elevated intracranial pressure were more frequently observed, and postoperative radiation was less frequently administered for pediatric patients. Gross total resection (GTR) was the key prognostic factor for better disease control especially among pediatric patients. Further reports of cases with EWSR1 rearrangement with detailed genetic profiles are essential for clarifying the oncogenic pathway and establishing a standard treatment strategy.

  • Azuna TOMIOKA, Satoshi TAKAHASHI, Ryotaro IMAI, Hirotsugu NOGAWA, Haji ...
    2022 Volume 9 Pages 111-116
    Published: December 31, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: May 18, 2022
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    Chronic encapsulated intracerebral hematoma (CEIH) is a rare cerebrovascular disease featuring progressively expanding intracranial hematoma. We treated a man in his 70s with bilateral cerebellar CEIH. He had presented at another hospital with dizziness, and imaging showed two independent hemorrhagic space-occupying lesions in the bilateral cerebellar hemispheres. The symptoms progressed relatively rapidly, and there were signs of impending cerebellar herniation; he was transferred to our institution, and emergency surgery was performed. The operative findings included a hematoma with partial capsulation. We diagnosed CEIH from preoperative magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography findings, clinical course, and pathological findings. The postoperative course was satisfactory. We present this case of bilateral cerebellar CEIH, as an extensive search of the literature suggests that this has not been reported before. Although CEIH is a condition that is usually hard to diagnose preoperatively, good outcomes can be achieved with appropriate surgical treatment. It is therefore important to keep this clinical entity in mind and not miss the right timing to operate.

  • Takuya YONEMOCHI, Takatoshi SORIMACHI, Akihiro HIRAYAMA, Hideaki SHIGE ...
    2022 Volume 9 Pages 117-121
    Published: December 31, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: May 18, 2022
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    Epistaxis due to rupture of a nontraumatic internal carotid artery (ICA) aneurysm in the paranasal sinus has rarely been reported. Here, we report a case of double ICA aneurysms located within both the sphenoid and ethmoid sinuses. A 78-year-old woman presented with recurrent massive epistaxis. Magnetic resonance angiogram (MRA) and cerebral angiogram showed two ICA aneurysms: one protruded into the sphenoid sinus and the other protruded into the ethmoid sinus. Intra-aneurysmal coil embolization was performed for both aneurysms. The patient recovered completely, and a follow-up MRA 3 years later showed no recurrence of the aneurysms. Intra-aneurysmal coil embolization is an option of treatment for an ICA aneurysm filling the paranasal sinus.

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