Plant Biotechnology
Online ISSN : 1347-6114
Print ISSN : 1342-4580
ISSN-L : 1342-4580
Original Papers
Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase and phenolic compounds are related to hybrid lethality in the cross Nicotiana suaveolens×N. tabacum
Kumpei ShiragakiRie NakamuraShigeki NomuraHai HeTetsuya YamadaWataru MarubashiMasayuki OdaTakahiro Tezuka
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Supplementary material

2020 Volume 37 Issue 3 Pages 327-333


Hybrid lethality observed in hybrid seedlings between Nicotiana suaveolens and N. tabacum is characterized by browning, initially of the hypocotyls and eventually of entire seedlings. We investigated the mechanism underlying this browning of tissues. A phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL) gene codes an enzyme involved in a pathway producing phenolic compounds related to the browning of plant tissues. The expression of PAL rapidly increased with the induction of hybrid lethality. Phenolic compounds were observed to be accumulated in whole parts of hybrid seedlings. Treatment of hybrid seedlings with L-2-aminooxy-3-phenylpropionic acid (AOPP), an inhibitor for PAL, suppressed browning and decreased the phenolic content of hybrid seedlings. Although programmed cell death (PCD) was involved in hybrid lethality, AOPP treatment also suppressed cell death and enhanced the growth of hybrid seedlings. These results indicated that PAL is involved in hybrid lethality, and phenolic compounds could be the cause of hybrid lethality-associated tissue browning.

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© 2020 Japanese Society for Plant Biotechnology
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