Plant Biotechnology
Online ISSN : 1347-6114
Print ISSN : 1342-4580
ISSN-L : 1342-4580
Short Communication
Exogenous treatment with N-acetylglutamic acid confers tolerance to heat stress in plants
Takeshi Hirakawa Seia TannoKazuaki Ohara
Author information
Supplementary material

2024 Volume 41 Issue 1 Pages 71-76


Heat stress, which occurs when temperatures exceed the optimal range for growth, challenges the maintenance of crop yield because it disrupts plant homeostasis at the cellular and developmental levels. Chemical priming, which can activate the response to environmental stress using chemical compounds, is a promising method of maintaining plant growth under stressful conditions. Recently, we found that the non-proteogenic amino acid N-acetylglutamic acid (NAG) confers tolerance to oxidative stress through the activation of genes related to scavenging reactive oxygen species in plants. However, it has been unknown whether NAG alleviates environmental stress except oxidative stress. Here, we revealed that the response to heat stress was enhanced by exogenous treatment with NAG in plants. NAG alleviated the reduction in chlorophyll content induced by heat stress in Arabidopsis thaliana. Gene expression analysis showed that NAG activates the transcription factor HSFA2, which is regarded as a master regulator of the transcriptional cascade in response to heat stress. NAG induces histone H4 acetylation, an active histone modification, at the HSFA2 locus, suggesting that NAG could activate the expression of HSFA2 based on epigenetic modifications such as histone acetylation. Additionally, we found that Oryza sativa treated with NAG showed tolerance to heat stress. These results suggest that NAG could be used for chemical priming in the maintenance of plant growth under heat-stress conditions.

Fullsize Image
Content from these authors
© 2024 Japanese Society for Plant Biotechnology

This article is licensed under a Creative Commons [Attribution 4.0 International] license.
Previous article Next article