Plant Production Science
Online ISSN : 1349-1008
Print ISSN : 1343-943X
Crop Physiology & Ecology
Effects of Temperature, Solar Radiation, and Vapor-Pressure Deficit on Flower Opening Time in Rice
Kazuhiro KobayasiTsutomu MatsuiMayumi YoshimotoToshihiro Hasegawa
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2010 Volume 13 Issue 1 Pages 21-28


Flower opening in the early morning helps to avoid sterility of rice (Oryza sativa L.) caused by heat stress at anthesis. Although flower opening time (FOT) is under genetic control, it is also affected by weather, particularly by air temperature (Ta). However, the effects of Ta, solar radiation (R s), and vapor-pressure deficit (VPD) on rice FOT are unclear, making it difficult to predict FOT. Therefore, we investigated the correlation of FOT with Ta, R s, and VPD during various periods before anthesis under field conditions. By photographing spikelets at 10-min intervals, we determined the FOT of five cultivars. To evaluate the individual effects of cultivar, Ta, R s, and VPD on FOT, we constructed general linear models (GLMs) and calculated mean Ta, R s, and VPD every 3 hr from 0000 to 1200. The GLMs revealed that the average Ta, R s, and VPD between 0600 and 0900 significantly affected FOT (adjusted R 2=0.399; P<0.001). The standardized partial regression coefficients of Ta and R s were negative and those of VPD were positive, indicating that higher Ta, higher R s, and lower VPD in the early morning result in earlier FOT. Moreover, multiple-regression analysis showed that the period affecting FOT the most, and the relative contributions of Ta, R s, and VPD to FOT differ with the cultivar.

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© 2010 by The Crop Science Society of Japan
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