2020 年 5 巻
Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect and risk management of early mobilization in the intensive care unit (ICU) with multidisciplinary collaboration and daily goal planning.
Methods: Rehabilitation of ICU patients in our hospital between April 1, 2019, and September 30, 2019, was investigated retrospectively. The following factors were evaluated: age and sex of the subjects; diseases; the total number of early mobilization therapy sessions done at a lowered goal level; the clinical course of the step-down sessions; reasons for lowering goal levels that corresponded to the cancellation criteria from the officially issued guidelines of the Japanese Association of Rehabilitation Medicine, the expert consensus on ICU, or other reasons for step down; and the rate of planned goals that were achieved.
Results: Of the 1908 overall rehabilitation sessions carried out during the period of investigation, 9.6% had the planned level lowered; changes in vital signs accounted for 54.6% of the reasons for lowering the level. Of the step-down sessions, 92.3% corresponded with the cancellation criteria of rehabilitation. Early mobilization in the ICU in accordance with daily goal planning via collaboration within the multidisciplinary team during rounds was accomplished in 90.4% of sessions. No serious mobilization-related adverse events were noted during the study period.
Conclusion: Early mobilization should be performed with daily goal planning by a multidisciplinary team during rounds and should be governed by the cancellation criteria of rehabilitation.