2021 Volume 24 Issue 2 Pages 120-127
Objective: This study aimed to clarify the effect of home-based exercise therapy on physical activity in peripheral arterial disease (PAD) patients after EVT. Methods: Study design was controlled clinical design. The subjects were 30 patients (76.6% men) who underwent EVT in the Sakakibara Heart Institute of Okayama. Patients with EVT meeting the inclusion criteria were divided into two groups, intervention group (Home-based exercise) and control group. Patients' basic characteristics, the number of steps walked and QOL questionnaire (WIQ, SEPA, Vascu QOL) were assessed before surgery and, at the 3 month after discharge. A two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was performed to compare number of steps walked and QOL questionnaire. Results: Interaction effect were observed in the number of steps walked (F (1,28) =13.89, p<0.01). A multiple comparison test confirmed a significant increase between results of before surgery and at three months after surgery in the intervention group (p<0.01). An interaction between the presence and absence of intervention was found for the WIQ pain score (F (1,28) = 5.86, p=0.01), speed score (F (1,28) = 3.80, p=0.04) and SEPA (F (1,28) = 4.99, p=0.03). In a multiple comparison study, there was a significant increase in WIQ pain and speed scores in both groups before and 3 months after discharge from the hospital. Conclusion: Home-based exercise therapy using physical activity indices has the potential to improve number of steps and quality of life in patients with PAD after EVT.