Physical Therapy Research
Online ISSN : 2189-8448
ISSN-L : 2189-8448
Original Article
Leg Cycling Leads to Improvement of Spasticity by Enhancement of Presynaptic Inhibition in Patients with Cerebral Palsy
Senshu ABE Yuichiro YOKOINaoki KOZUKA
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2023 Volume 26 Issue 2 Pages 65-70


Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate if leg cycling could reduce lower extremity spasticity in patients with cerebral palsy (CP). In addition, we investigated whether the intervention could cause changes in the modulation of presynaptic inhibition. Methods: This study was a quasi-experimental study, with pretest–posttest for 1 group. Participants in this experiment were eight adult patients with CP with lower extremity spasticity. Spasticity parameters assessed were the amplitude of soleus maximum Hoffmann’s reflex (Hmax) and maximum angular velocity (MAV) of knee flexion measured using the pendulum test. D1 inhibition, which seems to be related to the presynaptic inhibition, was recorded by measuring soleus Hoffmann’s reflex (H-reflex) with conditioned electric stimuli to the common peroneal nerve. Results: D1 inhibition was significantly enhanced immediately by the cycling intervention. The amplitude of the soleus Hmax was significantly depressed, and there was significant difference in Hmax/maximum M-wave. The MAV was increased due to inhibition of the stretch reflex. Conclusion: Leg cycling suppressed stretch reflex and H-reflex, and caused plasticity of inhibitory circuits in patients with CP with lower extremity spasticity. These findings strongly suggest that lower extremity spasticity can be improved by cycling movements.

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© 2023 Japanese Society of Physical Therapy

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