2023 Volume 26 Issue 2 Pages 44-49
We perform physical therapy combined with repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in stroke patients with hemiplegia in the maintenance phase with the intent of improving the support of paralyzed leg. In gait evaluation in patients with hemiplegia, it is important to assess elements related to coordination carefully. rTMS therapy is effective in alleviating the tension of upper limbs. As rTMS helps upper-limb swing to become evident during gait, it makes trunk rotation necessary for left–right coordination appear more easily. As a result, rTMS has potential for improved upper-limb swing or trunk rotation. Post-rTMS therapy may prepare for the environment suitable for hip extending the stance phase of the paralyzed side. In physical therapy, it is advisable to practice standing up, maintaining standing posture or walking by making good use of these effects. We conduct practices in combination with the following: standing up focusing on load evenly distributed on both sides, standing on slant-board training, which enables forward shift of center of mass, walking by fixating upper limbs to the back of the body with the intent of extending the stance phase of the paralyzed side, and increasing trunk rotation. It is also necessary to discuss the combination with injection with botulinum toxin, which suppresses spasticity of ankle plantar flexors with the physician. Gait is associated with a variety of factors and has significant intrapatient and interpatient variations. In this regard, physiotherapists are required to develop a treatment program based on a quantitative evaluation, especially, in patients with hemiplegia.