2001 Volume 19 Issue 3 Pages 537-546
It is important to understand the characteristics of material strength and fracture under the dynamic loading like as earth-quakes to assure the integrity of welded structures. The characteristics of dynamic strength and fracture in structural steels and their welded joints should be evaluated based on the effects of the strain rate and the service temperature. On the other hand, the temperature rises so rapidly in structures due to the plastic work done under the high strain rate, that the effect of the temperature cannot be negligible for the dynamic fracture. It is difficult to predict or measure temperature rise history with the corresponding stress-strain behavior. In particular, material behaviors beyond the uniform elongation can't be precisely evaluated, though the behavior at large strain region after the maximum loading point is much important for the evaluation of fracture. In this paper, the coupling phenomena of temperature and stress-strain fields under the dynamic loading was simulated by using the finite element method. The modified rate-temperature parameter was defined by accounting for the effect of temperature rise under the dynamic deformation, and it was applied to the fully-coupled analysis between heat conduction and thermal elastic-plastic behavior. Temperature rise and stress-strain behavior including complicated phenomena were studied beyond the maximum loading point in structural steels and their undermatched joints and compared with the measured values.