RADIOISOTOPES
Online ISSN : 1884-4111
Print ISSN : 0033-8303
ISSN-L : 0033-8303
Technical Report
Adsorption and Transport Behaviors of Potassium in Vermiculitic Soils
Shoichiro HamamotoTetsuya EguchiKatashi KuboNaoto NiheiTakashi HirayamaTaku Nishimura
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JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS

2018 Volume 67 Issue 3 Pages 93-100

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Abstract

It is important to understand potassium (K) behavior in soils since K fertilization is one of the most effective countermeasures to reduce the radiocaesium (RCs) uptake by crops. The K behavior in soils is highly influenced by the clay mineral composition. In this study, we investigated the K behavior for non-vermiculitic and vermiculitic nature of soils at Fukushima Prefecture in Japan. In the adsorption experiments, vermiculitic nature of soils exhibited more adsorption of K onto the soils as compared to non-vermiculitic nature of soil. One dimensional column transport experiments using 42K as a radioisotope tracer showed that almost similar K mobility for all soils as supported by adsorption isotherms of K. However, percentage of exchangeable K in the total K retained in the soil was higher in non-vermiculitic nature of soil, while the percentage of fixed K was higher in vermiculitic nature of soils. Thus, the existence of vermiculite with high K fixation capacity was suggested to reduce K retention as an exchangeable form in vermiculitic nature of soils.

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© 2018 Japan Radioisotope Association
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