2020 年 43 巻 p. 59-76
It is only recently that Locke scholars have begun to pay attention to his translation of Jansenist Pierre Nicoleʼs Essais de morale in relation to Locke's application of hedonism and other related topics. This paper attempts to elucidate Nicole's influence on Locke's moral thoughts, and Locke's innovative adaptation of Nicole's arguments about what human weakness means in moral life that inspired a comparatively more forgiving evaluation of human reason, self-love, and moral virtue in his later years. His interpretation and adaptation of Nicole's moral thoughts allowed him to reconcile human nature with a prospect for human perfection through the improvement of hedonically motivated action and the contractual nature of society itself. One can trace the development of Locke's moral thought process during his translation of Nicole's work, and witness the taking shape of some of the most important insights and arguments that would become fully developed in his major works, An Essay Concerning Human Understanding and Two Treatises of Government in the later years.