JAPANESE PSYCHOLOGICAL REVIEW
Online ISSN : 2433-4650
Print ISSN : 0386-1058
SPECIAL ISSUE: Mind-diversity: Current directions in research on “mental disorders”
The transdiagnostic approach
Yosinori Sugiura
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2019 Volume 62 Issue 1 Pages 104-131

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Abstract

The transdiagnostic approach to psychopathologies was introduced as a solution to high comorbidity and weak differentiation of psychological disorders. Factor analytic studies have revealed a hierarchical structure with the highest single p-factor (i.e., psychopathology), which parallels the results in the personality studies of general factor of personality over the Big 5 dimensions. The etiology of the single super-factor is considered in the life history strategy in evolutionary psychology. Two strategies to clinically utilize the p-factor are discussed, as follows: (1) setting the p-factor as a predictor to probe the relevant mediators (i.e., endophenotype) of symptoms and (2) moving across the levels of hierarchy to enhance flexible responding. The final topic discussed is the cybernetic principle with goal hierarchy, which will enhance studies on personality, psychopathology, and well-being.

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© 2019 JAPANESE PSYCHOLOGICAL REVIEW
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