2021 年 31 巻 4 号 p. 4_411-4_429
The purpose of this study is to develop the scale of Participant Motivation in tennis and to confirm the reliability and validity of the scale, and to classify tennis club members into some types according to Participant Motivation and to understand their characteristics in each segment. Focusing on three tennis clubs in Fukuoka, we conducted research. We conducted two studies as follows :【Study 1】: We created the scale of Participant Motivation in tennis based on previous research, and examined reliability by exploratory factor analysis using data of research on tennis club members. Moreover, we conducted research with another tennis club, and examined reliability and validity in the scale by confirmative factor analysis.【Study 2】: Using data of research for tennis club members, we conducted hierarchical cluster analysis by seven factors in motives of tennis participation. Then, we classified tennis club members into some types and clarified their characteristics in each segment. The main findings are summarized as follows : Firstly, we clarified 7 factors; “Recognition”, “Personal Development”, “Social Facilitation”, “Competition”, “Skill Mastery”, “Physical Fitness”, and “Stress Reduction”, as motives of tennis participation, and the reliability and validity of the scale was confirmed. Then, tennis club members were classified into six clusters according to motives for tennis participation, and each characteristic in the six clusters was clarified. Consequently, some implications were suggested from the study for further development of lesson programs in commercial tennis clubs.