2022 Volume 6 Issue 3 Pages 247-251
Introduction: Although lateral vertebral translation is associated with inducing curve progression and pain, no study has analyzed risk factors for lateral slip in patients with residual adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). This study aimed to investigate risk factors for lateral slip in patients with residual AIS.
Methods: We included 42 preoperative patients with residual AIS with a thoracolumbar/lumbar (TL/L) curve (3 male, 39 female; age 41.9±18.2 years, TL/L Cobb angle 55.5±10.0°). All patients were >20 years and had been diagnosed with AIS during their adolescence. Lateral slip was defined as more than a 6-mm slip on coronal CT images.
Results: Patients were divided into slip (n=22) and nonslip (n=20) groups. Significant differences were observed in age, TL/L Cobb angle, TL/L curve flexibility, lumbar lordosis, thoracolumbar kyphosis, apical vertebral rotation, apical vertebral translation, and L3 and L4 tilt between the groups. Multivariate analyses and receiver operating characteristic curves found that only older age was a significant risk factor for lateral slip (odds ratio: 1.214; 95% confidence interval: 1.047-1.407; P=0.010), with a cutoff value of 37 years old.
Conclusions: Older age, especially >37 years, is a risk factor for lateral slip in patients with residual AIS. These findings suggest that surgery for residual AIS should be considered before patients are in their mid-30s to avoid lateral translation.