Article ID: 2019-0102
Introduction: Anterior decompression and fusion have shown favorable neurologic outcomes in patients with cervical myelopathy. However, implant migration sometimes occurs immediately after multilevel anterior cervical corpectomy with fusion (ACCF). Risk factors associated with early bone graft migration have not been precisely documented. The study aimed to investigate how frequently bone graft subsidence occurs after ACCF and to determine the factors affecting implant migration.
Methods: Forty-seven consecutive patients who underwent ACCF for ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament at our hospital between 2007 and 2015 and were able to complete 1 year of follow-up were enrolled. Patients treated with hybrid fixation were excluded. Data on demographics and radiographic findings, namely, fused segment angle and fused segment height (FSH), were collected. Implant migration was defined as subsidence of >3 mm. The patients were divided into 2-segment (2F), 3-segment (3F), and ≥4-segment (4F) groups. Results were compared between the groups using one-way analysis of variance, the Mann–Whitney U test, and the chi-square test.
Results: Mean age was 61.6 years in the 2F group (n = 17), 62.1 years in the 3F group (n = 21), and 69 years in the 4F group (n = 9). There were no significant between-group differences in demographics or clinical characteristics. Implant subsidence occurred in 3 cases (17.6%) in the 2F group, 4 (19%) in the 3F group, and 3 (33.3%) in the 4F group. Revision surgery was required in 2 cases (1 patient each in the 3F and 4F groups). Logistic regression analysis showed a significant association of increased FSH and increased risk of postoperative implant subsidence.
Conclusion: A postoperative increase in FSH may affect graft stability and lead to early implant migration.