The Showa University Journal of Medical Sciences
Online ISSN : 2185-0968
Print ISSN : 0915-6380
ISSN-L : 0915-6380
Original Paper
Predicting the course of hematopoietic neoplasm through oral bacterial examination
Kyoko ShirakuraAkemi UtsumiNorimichi HattoriTsuyoshi NakamakiAyako SatoAsako YamaguchiYumi ShibataKaori OnoLuna OsakabeMie MyersShouji HironakaYasubumi Maruoka
ジャーナル フリー

2022 年 34 巻 2 号 p. 54-63


Many medical institutions have recently conducted studies on the relationship between patients with hematopoietic neoplasms and oral cavity. Statistical analysis of the bacterial populations was performed in this study to identify how oral microflora and health conditions (e.g., dental caries and periodontal diseases) affect the prognosis of patients with hematopoietic neoplasms. Patients undergoing inpatient treatment from January to December 2020 at the Department of Hematology at Showa University, Japan, who required perioperative oral management were included in the study. The oral health of the patients was examined at the initial dental visit, and oral bacterial samples were collected from the tongue, buccal mucosa, and palate of 47 patients who consented to participate after receiving an explanation about the study. Statistical analyses performed after dividing the subjects into two groups following the treatment course showed that Stenotrophomonas maltophilia and Gemella sanguinis were significantly more common in the poor-course group. However, no significant difference in bacterial examination results was noted among the four groups (myeloid neoplasm chemotherapy, myeloid neoplasm hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), lymphoid neoplasm chemotherapy, and lymphoid neoplasm HSCT groups) classified based on disease and treatment method. The detection rate of bacteria potentially causing infectious diseases at the initial dental examination tended to be higher in this study in the poor-course group. The findings of the current study suggest that early detection of pathogenic bacteria after commencing hematology treatment could predict the poor-course that may lead to mortality or severe infections.

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