Trends in Glycoscience and Glycotechnology
Online ISSN : 1883-2113
Print ISSN : 0915-7352
ISSN-L : 0915-7352
GLYCODEBUT
Selective Manipulation of Endoplasmic Reticulum Mannosidase Activities Using Inhibitor as Molecular Tool
Taiki Kuribara
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2020 Volume 32 Issue 185 Pages E31-E34

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Abstract

Glycoproteins are synthesized in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Glycan structures on the glycoprotein function as folding, secretion, and degradation signals. Especially in the sorting step of glycoproteins, mannose trimmings of Man9GlcNAc2 (M9) mediated by α1,2-mannosidases in the ER are involved in secretion and degradation. Several glycan isomers produced through the sorting process are assumed to be secretion and degradation signals. However, it is unclear whether these mannose trimmings occurred regioselectively or randomly. To answer this question, we found selective inhibitors of the production of secretion and degradation signals, respectively. With these selective inhibitors, mannose trimming pathway analysis was carried out. The pathway analysis results indicate that two independent mannose trimming pathways exist in the ER.

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© 2020 FCCA (Forum: Carbohydrates Coming of Age)
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