2015 Volume 58 Issue 4 Pages 228-236
To reduce the cost of space transportation, air-breathing engines are considered to be candidates for propulsion. However, to cover a wide range of flight speeds, the propulsion system has to operate in various modes to be efficient under incoming atmospheric-air conditions. The Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency is proposing a rocket-based combined cycle engine for operation under various condition, an ejector-jet mode being adopted for the low-speed regime. The suction performance ejector-jets has long been studied experimentally and numerically at JAXA, and little success has been achieved in explaining the deterioration of suction performance with high-temperature gas or light gas such as helium. In the present study, based on former models, a simple one-dimensional model was introduced incorporating the mixing effects of the primary flow (rocket flow) and secondary flow (induced air flow). The results were compared using several experimental and numerical data to check the plausibility of the model. It was found that if greater mixing occurs, suction performance is degraded, explaining the actual phenomena of the experiments.