TRANSACTIONS OF THE JAPAN SOCIETY FOR AERONAUTICAL AND SPACE SCIENCES
Online ISSN : 2189-4205
Print ISSN : 0549-3811
ISSN-L : 0549-3811
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Displaying 1-4 of 4 articles from this issue
  • Yuki FUNAMI, Atsushi TAKANO
    2023 Volume 66 Issue 3 Pages 61-69
    Published: 2023
    Released on J-STAGE: May 04, 2023
    JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS

    A three-dimensional-printed solid fuel grain with a star-fractal swirl port was developed to improve the fuel regression rate of hybrid rockets. The printing material used for the grains was an acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene resin. Nitrous oxide was employed as the oxidizer. Combustion experiments on the hybrid rocket engine with the developed grain showed that the star-fractal swirl port appeared to improve the thrust and specific impulse compared to the classical circular and star-fractal ports when tested using the same oxidizer mass flow rate that is a controllable parameter of hybrid rocket engines. After the experiments, the burned grains were cut and the grain web thicknesses were measured to evaluate the local regression rate. It was found that the fuel surface regressed more rapidly near the concave parts of the star fractal rather than the convex parts. Next, the measured local regression rates were axially averaged. The axially-averaged local regression rates of the star-fractal swirl port were much higher than those of the star-fractal and circular ports. Finally, a numerical approach using the level set method for evaluating time- and space-averaged regression rate was developed. This approach was validated by comparing the space-averaged regression rates with the axially-averaged local rates.

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  • Shun WATANABE, Shigeru SUNADA, Kohei YAMAGUCHI
    2023 Volume 66 Issue 3 Pages 70-82
    Published: 2023
    Released on J-STAGE: May 04, 2023
    JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS
    Crosswind gusts can easily disturb the attitude of a small fixed-wing aircraft, potentially causing a serious accident during landing or take-off operations. An airplane with a high tolerance to crosswind gusts owing to quite small Clβ and Cnβ values, called a Quasi-Neutral Dihedral-effect and Directional-stability (QNDD) airplane, was previously proposed. Although the design of a QNDD airplane is more practical than that of a Neutral Dihedral-effect and Directional-stability (NDD) airplane, a QNDD airplane’s robustness to errors in Clβ and Cnβ should be comparatively higher. In the present study, the QNDD airplane’s robustness is optimized using Sequential Least-Squares Quadratic Programming (SLSQP). The optimized QNDD airplane has a unique configuration: a highly deflected swept-forward main wing. It is confirmed that the optimized design is much more robust than the original. To evaluate the performance of the optimized QNDD airplane, airplane plunging into a discrete crosswind gust is numerically simulated, and the results confirm that the airplane’s change in attitude is still quite small compared with that of a conventional airplane.
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  • Sadatake TOMIOKA, Motoki HATTORI, Takuo ONODERA, Tatsushi ISONO
    2023 Volume 66 Issue 3 Pages 83-89
    Published: 2023
    Released on J-STAGE: May 04, 2023
    JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS

    Regenerative cooling using hydrocarbon fuel requires thermal decomposition to increase heat absorption, but a high temperature is required to initiate decomposition and catalysis is expected to enhance decomposition at lower temperature regime. The effects of catalysis on thermal decomposition and coking of normal-dodecane and methyl-cyclo-hexane within a tube heater were experimentally investigated. Platinum (Pt) was spread on the inner surface of a stainless tube, and the inner surface of the tube was heated to target values using an electric heater. Decomposed components were accumulated and analyzed, and heat input was evaluated based on temperature gradient within the stainless tube. The results were compared with those without tube coating to show that the Pt-coating lowered the onset temperature of decomposition by 100 K for both fuels. Additionally, heat absorption per decomposed fuel amount was affected by the Pt-coating and the Pt-coating sizably reduced coking generation.

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