2021 年 E104.A 巻 1 号 p. 20-24
Knowledge-of-exponent assumptions (KEAs) are a somewhat controversial but nevertheless commonly used type of cryptographic assumptions. While traditional cryptographic assumptions simply assert that certain tasks (like factoring integers or computing discrete logarithms) cannot be performed efficiently, KEAs assert that certain tasks can be performed efficiently, but only in certain ways. The controversy surrounding those assumptions is due to their non-falsifiability, which is due to the way this idea is formalised, and to the general idea that these assumptions are “strong”. Nevertheless, their relationship to existing assumptions has not received much attention thus far. In this paper, we show that the first KEA (KEA1), introduced by Damgård in 1991, implies that computing discrete logarithms is equivalent to solving the computational Diffie-Hellman (CDH) problem. Since showing this equivalence in the standard setting (i.e., without the assumption that KEA1 holds) is a longstanding open question, this indicates that KEA1 (and KEAs in general) are indeed quite strong assumptions.