Many of the children with comprehensive educational needs (Inclusive Needs Child: IN-Child) have the needs that listening ability. In this study, in order to examine the teaching method to improve the ability to listen to IN - Child, we analyzed the influence of characteristics similar to attention deficit/ hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) on listening ability. As the results, it became clear that children with inattention or characteristics similar to ADHD have needs that “misunderstanding the story and fail to hear”, “difficulty to discussion” and “difficulty to listen simultaneous instruction”. In addition, it became clear that children with characteristics similar to ASD have needs that “mis listening the sounds” and “difficulty to discussion”. Based on the findings from this study, it is expected that teaching methods for IN-Child with characteristics similar to ADHD or ASD will be developed.