Wetland research
Online ISSN : 2434-1762
Print ISSN : 2185-4238
Sustainable agricultural practices of rice fields as human-made wetlands – focusing on cases in Japan and Korea
Seula KIM
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JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS

2020 Volume 10 Pages 27-36

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Abstract

Large amounts of agricultural conversion remain the primary driver of wetland loss and degradation, especially in Asia. Meanwhile, a certain type of rice cultivation, along with sustainable farming practices, can deliver human-made wetlands that provide multiple ecosystem functions similar to those provided by natural wetlands. This study aims to determine which factors, and appropriate policy interventions, can improve both agroecosystems and wetland ecosystems such as to benefit both society and environment. The case in Korea showed insufficient development in relevant policy and uncooperative responses from some of stakeholders. Through the precedent in Japan, this study found that the case in Korea can overcome recent issues through the development of an agri-environmental scheme, collaborative effort from diverse stakeholders, and most of all, change of perception about human-made wetland. This work may contribute to delivering useful suggestions in social, economic, and environmental terms through expanding sustainable rice farming within human-made wetlands in Asia.

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© 2020 Japan Wetland Society
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