1988 年 41 巻 2 号 p. 163-171
The high accelerations exceeding the earth's gravity were observed on the small area near the main shock of the 1984 Western Nagano Prefecture Earthquake (M=6.8). Few aftershocks occurred in this small high acceleration spot of main fault. It is inferred that great destruction producing the high accelerations occurred within this small spot. For detecting the evidence of great destruction, we tried to investigate the crack orientation and density by using Shear-wave polarization method.
We have identified that directions of polarization in and out of the high acceleration spot are N40-70°W. These directions are consistent with the axis of maximum compression obtained from earthquake fault mechanisms and geodetic surveys. There are no difference in polarizations between in- and out of the high acceleration spot. It suggests that open-cracks had been made before the main shock. Great destructions of the main shock seems to have little influences on S-wave polarization. The average time-lag between arrival of leading and slower shear-wave is 0.02S. It indicates that present open-cracks are distributed in a shallow depth.