Annals of Nuclear Cardiology
Online ISSN : 2424-1741
Print ISSN : 2189-3926
ISSN-L : 2189-3926
Advance online publication
Displaying 1-5 of 5 articles from this issue
  • Toshinori Saitou, Tadao Aikawa, Osamu Manabe, Shinichiro Fujimoto, Yuy ...
    Article type: Original Article
    Article ID: 24-00002
    Published: 2024
    Advance online publication: May 27, 2024
    Background: Lateral planar 99mTc-pyrophosphate (PYP) imaging is recommended as a standardized acquisition method because it helps separate extracardiac uptake from the myocardium. We evaluated its discriminatory performance in detecting myocardial PYP uptake, using single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) as a reference standard.
    Methods: We retrospectively evaluated 170 patients who underwent PYP imaging for suspected transthyretin cardiac amyloidosis. Anterior and lateral planar imaging and SPECT were performed 3 h after PYP administration. The myocardial PYP uptake on planar and SPECT images was visually assessed and quantified using the heart-to-contralateral lung uptake (H/CL) ratio. The heart-to-mediastinum uptake (H/M) ratio was calculated as the mean count of the region of interest in the heart divided by that in the superior mediastinum on lateral planar images.
    Results: Patients with PYP SPECT-positive results had significantly higher H/M ratios at 3 h than those with PYP SPECT-negative results (1.23 [interquartile range: IQR, 1.15–1.43] vs. 1.08 [IQR, 1.02–1.16]; P <0.001). A reclassification analysis that added the H/M ratio to visual scores for detecting positive PYP SPECT yielded a significant improvement with a net reclassification improvement (NRI) of 0.56 (95%CI, 0.25–0.87; P <0.001) and integrated discrimination improvement (IDI) of 0.038 (95%CI, 0.005–0.072; P=0.026). The H/M ratio significantly improved the predictive ability of SPECT findings based on the visual scores and H/CL ratio with an NRI of 0.49 (95%CI, 0.18–0.81; P=0.003) and IDI of 0.036 (95%CI, 0.004–0.069; P=0.029).
    Conclusions: Adding the H/M ratio derived from lateral planar PYP imaging to visual scores or the H/CL ratio on anterior planar images improved the accuracy of detecting significant myocardial uptake on SPECT.
  • Junko Hara, Shiro Ishii, Honami Kobiyama, Kenji Fukushima, Natsumi Kaw ...
    Article type: Original Article
    Article ID: 24-00001
    Published: 2024
    Advance online publication: May 01, 2024
    Background: This study investigated the feasibility of using a quantitative diagnostic method based on 99mTc-pyrophosphate scintigraphy (PYP) lateral planar images to differentiate between PYP-positive (myocardial uptake) and false-positive (blood pool uptake) scans.
    Methods: The study included 93 consecutive patients with suspected transthyretin amyloid cardiomyopathy (ATTR-CM) who underwent PYP between April 2022 and December 2023. Patients were categorized using planar anterior PYP images according to the Perugini visual grading system; patients with grades ≥2 were analyzed. Whether the uptake of the ventricle was in the blood pool or the myocardium was confirmed by transaxial single-photon emission tomography (SPECT). The heart-to-mediastinum ratios (H/M ratio) of the left lateral planar images at 1- and 3-h were calculated by placing a circular region of interest in the heart and cephalodorsal side of the heart to determine optimal cut-off values.
    Results: Among the PYP images, the study analyzed 15 positives diagnosed as ATTR-CM and 10 false positives. Significant differences were observed in the H/M ratio at 1- and 3-h (both p <0.01), with 100% sensitivity and specificity using cut-off values of 1.22 and 1.21 at 1- and 3-h, respectively. The interclass correlation coefficients (2, 1) between the two readers were 0.919 and 0.958 for the 1- and 3-h H/M ratios, respectively.
    Conclusions: Lateral planar PYP imaging can exclude PYP false-positive cases caused by blood pools in a simple and quantitative manner using only a 1-h planar image, possibly obviating the need for SPECT imaging.
  • Evaluation by 5-Year Risk Model
    Ryuta Egi, Kenji Fukushima, Yohji Matsusaka, Tomohiko Yamane, Akira Se ...
    Article type: Original Article
    Article ID: 23-00008
    Published: 2024
    Advance online publication: April 12, 2024
    Supplementary material
    Background: While the non-invasive assessment of cardiac sympathetic nerve dysfunction is readily accessible, its applicability in invasive intervention for structural heart disease has received limited investigation. Our study aimed to clarify the cardiac sympathetic nerve function in patients with severe Aortic stenosis (AS) and its postoperative changes after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) using 123I-metaiodobenzylguanidine scintigraphy (MIBG) in combination with 5-year mortality prediction model.
    Methods: Consecutive 26 patients (83 ± 5ys, male 4) with severe AS who underwent MIBG prior TAVI procedures were retrospectively enrolled. Of those, 15 patients underwent postoperative-follow up MIBG. The early and delayed heart-to-mediastinum ratio (e- and d-H/M), and washout rate (WR) were obtained from MIBG planner imaging. The MIBG 5-year mortality prediction model was employed to compare pre and after TAVI. Cardiac function and wall thickness were evaluated with transthoracic echocardiography.
    Results: Preoperative e-H/M, d-H/M, and WR were 2.4 ± 0.5, 2.3 ± 0.4, and 29 ± 14% respectively, and WR showed significant correlation to LVEF and BNP (r=-0.4 and 0.6; p=0.03, and 0.001 for LVEF and BNP, respectively). 102 ± 28 days after TAVI, either H/M or WR did not show significant improvement among enrolled patients (2.5 ± 0.3, 2.3 ± 0.4, and 30 ± 11% for e-, d-H/M, and WR for after TAVI), while the BNP level was significantly reduced (128 ± 691 and 94 ± 194 pg/dl, for pre vs. after, p=0.008). Five patients showed a significant recovery in WR (37.0 ± 13.8 and 28.8 ± 8.5% for pre and post, p=0.04), and left ventricular wall thickness was significantly thinner compared to those who did not recover (15.2 ± 3.2 vs 11.2 ± 2.4, p=0.02; 14.2 ± 2.9 vs 10.8 ± 1.8, p=0.02 for intraventricular septum and posterior wall, respectively). In 5-year prediction risk model, 7 patients showed a significant reduction in mortality risk, and the patients who did not show risk reduction had significantly reduced renal function (eGFR 57.5 ± 18.8 vs. 38.2 ± 11.3 ml/min/1.73m², p=0.03 for recovered vs. not recovered).
    Conclusion: After a 3-month follow-up after TAVI, diverse response in cardiac MIBG parameters were observed among patients with severe AS, despite successful valve replacement. Cardiac MIBG serves as a non-invasive tool that can comprehensively evaluate and surrogate the severity of heart failure resulting from a multi-factorial condition.
  • Ken-ichi Hirano, Keita Kodama, Hideyuki Miyauchi, Yasuyuki Nagasawa, Y ...
    Article type: Letter to Editor
    Article ID: 23-00014
    Published: 2023
    Advance online publication: December 22, 2023
    Triglyceride deposit cardiomyovasculopathy (TGCV) is an emerging rare heart disease with high mortality, characterized by defective intracellular lipolysis of triglycerides (TG). We developed diagnostic criteria for TGCV, in which low washout rate of BMIPP (BMIPP-WR) is a key factor. The working group of the Japan Society of Nuclear Cardiology recently published practice recommendations for measuring BMIPP-WR. We reported that hemodialysis (HD) patients with TGCV exhibited a markedly higher cardiovascular risk than those without TGCV. Secondary carnitine deficiency is common in patients undergoing HD, as carnitine is removed from the circulation. However, clinical evidence linking carnitine levels to BMIPP-WR is limited. Here we report the effect of L-carnitine administration on the BMIPP-WR in 9 chronic HD patients with TGCV in a retrospective cohort. The mean age at TGCV diagnosis was 59 years. Following standard doses of oral L-carnitine administration, plasma free carnitine levels significantly increased. However, BMIPP-WR was not changed. In normal condition, most BMIPP taken up were esterified/incorporated into TG pool, hydrolyzed by intracellular lipases, and then transported by carnitine shuttle to mitochondria. In TGCV, intracellular TG lipolysis is defective. During the intracellular metabolism of BMIPP, carnitine shuttling occurs downstream of TG lipolysis. Therefore, even when carnitine levels were increased, BMIPP-WR did not change in patients with TGCV who underwent chronic HD. A phase IIb/III clinical trial for TGCV, is underway (jRCT2051210177). Increased awareness of the disease concept of TGCV, along with its diagnostic principles and procedures using BMIPP scintigraphy, is warranted.
  • A Dual SPECT Study using 99mTc Pyrophosphate and 201Thallium
    Hiroki Suenaga, Kenji Fukushima, Shiro Ishii, Osamu Hasegawa, Yuuki Mu ...
    Article type: Original Article
    Article ID: 23-00009
    Published: 2023
    Advance online publication: December 15, 2023
    Supplementary material
    Purpose: We aimed to clarify the clinical characteristics of global and regional myocardial perfusion in patients with transthyretin type of cardiac amyloidosis (ATTR) using dual single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) with 99mTc pyrophosphate (PYP) and 201TL (TL).
    Methods: Consecutive 178 (mean age 78 ± 12, male 79) patients known or suspect of ATTR who underwent PYP-TL dual SPECT were retrospectively enrolled. Patients were categorized according to the visual grading for planar PYP uptake using Perugini grading, and the patients with grade greater than or equal to 2 were analyzed. In planar analysis, the heart/ contralateral ratio (H/CL) for PYP, and heart/lung ratio (H/L) for TL were obtained to evaluate global myocardial uptake. In TL-SPECT polar map analysis, the heterogeneity of myocardial uptake was evaluated using segmental mean %uptake. Cardiac function and left ventricular function and end-diastolic ventricular mass (LVmass) were measured by echocardiography.
    Results: Among 178 patients, 39 patients showed PYP uptake with grade 2 or 3 and H/CL >1.3 (81 ± 5 ys, male 28). Of those, 4 patients showed significant perfusion defect in TL scan. Among 35 patients without perfusion defect, H/L showed a significant inverse correlation to H/CL, and LVmass (r=-0.3, p=0.02; r=-0.4, p=0.03. 95% confidence interval -0.4 to 0.2, and -0.7 to -0.04 for H/CL and LVmass). Polar map analysis demonstrated significantly lower mean %uptake for TL in septum compared to lateral (79.4 ± 8.4 vs. 84.3 ± 6.2, p=0.006 for TL in septum vs. lateral, respectively).
    Conclusion: In ATTR, TL uptake surrogated the reduction of global myocardial perfusion. A significant regional heterogeneity was observed with a notable reduction in septum despite the diffuse hypertrophy.